Romania

The Importance of Horizontal and Vertical Signaling in Road Safety

Industrie Mica Prahova SA and Drumul in siguranta weblog published the study called "The Importance of Horizontal and Vertical Signaling in Road Safety", the first of its kind at national level. As per the traffic data presented at the beginning of the year by the Romanian Police, which reveal that over 1,540 people lost their lives and another 3,550 were injured in road accidents in 2023. The main causes of serious accidents are the failure to adapt speed to road conditions and irregular pedestrian crossing.

Tuesday, April 11, 2023 - 07:32
The main purpose of the project is to unite communities and professionals from different areas of activity with the aim of reaffirming each person's right to safe journeys. The central message of this campaign is that every life matters on the road.

10 years after the creation of Drumul in siguranta weblog, Industrie Mica Prahova SA launches the study ”SPEED– a leading cause of road accidents”

Ploiesti, February 16, 2023 –On the 10th anniversary of the creation of Drumul in siguranta weblog, Industrie Mică Prahova SA brings to the public attention a new study dedicated to improving road safety, this time addressing the issue of speed.

Friday, June 17, 2022 - 13:30
Potrivit statisticilor Poliției Rutiere, un număr de 932 de oameni și-au pierdut viețile și 2004 au fost răniți în 2586 accidente în primele 7 luni ale anului 2021 în România. Principalele cauze ale producerii accidentelor grave sunt: viteza neadaptată la condiţiile de drum şi traversarea neregulamentară a pietonilor. Dintr-o analiză amplă a literaturii internaționale în domeniu, care ia în considerare constatările mai multor evaluări ce includ peste 100 de studii individuale, putem constata că există dovezi clare că o creștere a aplicării legii va duce la o reducere atât a coliziunilor cu vătămări corporale fatale, cât și a celor cu efecte grave. Cu toate acestea, există domenii de punere în aplicare care sunt mult mai bine evidențiate în ceea ce privește eficacitatea decât altele. Studiile recente au descoperit că aplicarea limitelor de viteză are cel mai mare impact asupra reducerii coliziunilor mortale și grave cu vătămări corporale. Un impact aproape la fel de mare îl are aplicarea legislației privind conducerea sub influența alcoolului. Mai puține cercetări au fost întreprinse în legătură cu folosirea centurii de siguranță și a legilor privind utilizarea telefoanelor mobile. Acest lucru se datorează probabil punerii în aplicare mai recente a acestor legi precum și dificultăților de cercetare. Pe lângă aplicarea legislației în domeniu, un rol deosebit de important în reducerea numărului victimelor pe șosea îl au campaniile de informare. În acest context, în perioada 15-21 noiembrie 2021, Industrie Mică Prahova SA și blogul Drumul în siguranță au derulat campania „Eroii siguranței rutiere” ca parte a proiectului „Săptămâna siguranței rutiere” creat sub egida Fundației Brake, Marea Britanie. Proiectul „Săptămâna siguranței rutiere” are ca obiectiv principal promovarea deplasării responsabile, astfel încât aceste cifre să poată scădea semnificativ. În cadrul acestei campanii, Industrie Mică Prahova SA reiterează inițiativa lansată în luna mai 2021, cu prilejul Săptămânii mondiale ONU a siguranţei rutiere, privind amplasarea urgentă a indicatoarelor rutiere de limitare a vitezei și a relantisoarelor atât în zonele rezidențiale cât și în apropierea școlilor. Totodată retransmite şi propunerea în ceea ce privește îmbunătățirea iluminatului stradal mai ales în preajma trecerilor de pietoni.
Beloved Child on Board Leaflet page 1
Thursday, June 16, 2022 - 16:46
One in three children observed in Cluj-Napoca were not wearing any type of restraint compared with, for example a study of 2 652 children in Belgium that found one in five were wearing no restraints. The rates of using restraint in the back seat of a car are generally low in European countries, Romania having the lowest rate of at only 26% (Pan-European Survey Main Results, 2015). The rate of children injured in car crashes and not wearing any type of restraint is high in Cluj-Napoca; police records show that half of the children involved in car crashes were not restraint at the time of the crash, which increases the likelihood of severe injuries and worsen outcomes of crashes.
Injuries, including road traffic injuries, account for 21% of the childhood deaths (0-19 years) in Romania (Mackay & Vincenten, 2012). Specific research conducted in Cluj-Napoca shows that road traffic safety for children should be a concern. A study looking at child patients who suffered head injuries and sought care at Children’s Emergency Hospital Cluj-Napoca (2008-2010), identified that children who suffered a head injury as a consequence of road traffic crash were almost five times more likely to require advanced care (OR: 4.97; 3.09-8.06) than being released (Rus D, Chereches R, Peek-Asa C, et al. 2016). Our data shows that the proportion of parents who used a safety restraint for their children is much lower than reported in most high-income countries. For example, in Australia and the United States of America the proportion of child occupants in restraints is reported as 90% and, 86% (Peden, et al., 2014), respectively, while in Austria, in 2014, the child restraint use rate was almost 99% (Austrian Road Safety Fund, 2014). Child restraint systems are the best way to protect children as passengers in a car, and currently Romania has a specific legislation to foresee the correct use of child safety restraints (CSR), but to our knowledge, no specific programs have been implemented at the local level to increase correct CSR use by increasing the enforcement of the existing legislation.

In line with the EU regulations, the Romanian Traffic Code was changed in September 2014 to include penalties for drivers who do not secure underage passengers with seatbelt or child safety restraints. Further modifications were enacted in 2015, requiring that children under the age of three or whose height does not exceed 135 cm should travel in a child safety seat, while older children should use seatbelts appropriately adjusted for their weight and height.
All these requirements were implemented at the request of DIRECTIVE 2014/37/EU on use of safety belts and child restraint systems in vehicles. The project will focus on correct use of CSR using evidence-based strategies, documented at local level by the proposed academic partners and in line with the prevention strategies set in the Decade for Action on Road Safety 2011-2020 of the WHO and its’ subsequent 10 prevention strategies targeting children.

Data collected as part of an observational study (2013-2014) shows that in Cluj-Napoca, one third (32.6%) of child passengers between the ages of 0-17 were not wearing any type of restraints when observed (Rus, 2015; Rus, Peek-Asa, Jurchis, & Chereches, 2016). The rates of non-restraints increased with age, children older than five years being less likely to be restraint when travelling in a car (Rus, 2015). Additionally, a qualitative study was conducted to further explore parents’ perceptions, behaviours and decisions regarding the use of child safety restraints in Cluj-Napoca (2016). In this second study, parents acknowledged the role of police officers in education and raising awareness among two groups: parents and children.
Police officers were perceived as key stakeholders in education on road traffic safety Police data. Cluj County Police Data (2015-2016) shows that more than 300 children between the ages of 0 and 3 were involved in a road traffic crash as car passengers. In 2015, 322 children under the age of 3 were involved in a road traffic crash as car passengers, out of which 148 (45.9%) were not wearing any type of restraint. The percentage was almost the same for 2016, 159 (45.2%) out of 352, children under the age of 3 involved in road traffic crash as car passengers were not wearing any type of restraints.
Wednesday, May 25, 2022 - 17:38
One of the major challenges in road safety that we are facing in Romania is the high number of victimization among young passengers (group age 0-14) and main reason why this is happening is the low rate of utilization of child restraint systems (only 26% of children passengers are transported in an age-appropriate child restraint system). Data was obtained through an observational study that we made last year and presented at TUV Conference :Protection of Children in Cars - December 2020. We want to address this challenge by educating future parents and parents as well as children from primary schools and kindergartens regarding correct way of travelling as young passengers as well as by increasing public awareness on this topic by a strong and constant PR campaign promoting child restraint systems and seat-belt use. Decreasing the incidence of serious road accidents in Romania involving child victims is the aim with a target of 0 deaths by 2030, in accordance with Vision Zero, the ambitious European traffic safety project, and to increase the use of car seats from 20% as it is currently to 70% by 2025. We target parents, caregivers, children.
Monday, May 23, 2022 - 17:57
We're focusing on the education of vulnerable road users, pedestrians, cyclists, motorcycle riders and young drivers. The main problems in our county are related to speeding, drunk drivers, children who are crossing the street (on zebra), and cyclists.

Education + Traffic Safety = Life Protection

School no 51, District 2, Bucharest, is a public primary and lower-secondary school whose mission is to offer education based on three dimensions – formal, informal and inclusive education and which aims at having a graduate with complex education and instruction, a capacity of attending further education, flexibility and adaptation to the changes imposed by a dynamic, European society. School no 51has been developing a partnership with a duration of 2 years with the Local Police and the Association of Road Traffic Victims – Romania (AVAC), starting with the 2014/2015 school year.

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