European Road Safety Charter
Good Practice

Training Course on Safe Emergency Driving for Rescue Vehicle Driver

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Training Course on Safe Emergency Driving for Rescue Vehicle Driver

Initiative details

Describe the characteristics of your target audience 
Drivers of emergency vehicles like ambulance, civil protection and other vehicles dedicated to rescue activities.

Organisation details

Paolo Manuele,,, via roma 35 - 86030 - Civitacampomarano (Italy), +393207470123
Please describe the main road safety challenges/problems you have addressed or are addressing. 
The idea of carrying out specific Emergency Driving Safe courses for rescue vehicles, especially ambulances, also arises from a great need to fill the regulatory gap. In fact, according to Italian law, an ambulance can be driven after obtaining a B license, provided that at least 3 years have elapsed (as the newly licensed driver in the first three years has constraints and limitations concerning the vehicle, speed, etc.), not below the age of 21 years old. In our opinion this is a great limitation, because the ambulance is not a simple vehicle, as the driver, in addition to having practical skills in driving the rescue vehicle, must be adequately prepared to face situations of emotional and psychological stress, must know the rules that allow it how and when to use the blue flashing light and additional sound signaling devices. Added to this is another fundamental aspect, the ambulance driver in addition to the assistance team, transports the patient, a person who has special needs, potentially could also have diseases that compromise his life. Therefore the driver must be able to reach the target as quickly as possible, while maintaining safety, and transport the person to the hospital in the right time. In certain pathologies, driving behavior is also very important, so it becomes essential for the driver to know how the stress caused by transport can directly affect the patient's clinical condition. By virtue of these considerations, a session concerning these aspects is planned in the training program.
What are your objectives? 
Increase the skills of driver of emergency vehicles
Raise awareness on the importance of correct driving based on the patient pathology
In our Training Course the theoretical section includes various in-depth studies such as the legislation (general and specific), the accident rate and its main causes, the driver's psychology and its deviations, the mechanics and dynamics of the vehicles indispensable for a correct technique of guide and to minimize the physio-pathological reactions of the person transported, notions of First aid. An intermediate section include the application of a specific software for the psycho-aptitude study to the drive and the identification of problems related to pathologies and/or deviance's of various kinds.The practical section with real drive (and instructor alongside) is carried out on multiple platforms simulating most of the "dangerous" driving situations (bidirectional slalom between pins, search for an escape route, S curve, test of the elk, drunk driving with specific glasses, ...), with correction of the error by the instructor, his evaluation and repetition of the test until the complete correction.Approximately 850 students took part in our training courses, of which more than half were ambulance drivers from all over Italy.Our Training Center conducts training courses (generally divided into 3 days) in various Italian Regions, releasing, subject to a final self-learning check, a Training Certificate recognized pursuant to Legislative Decree 81/2008 for safe driving in Emergency of vehicles of Institute.Our Road Safety Training Center has (among its programs) also a Safe Driving Emergency Retraining Course and a 2nd level Course in which some specific topics are studied and tested.In particular, the Retraining Course (which can be carried out within 2 years from level 1 and lasting 2 days) consists of a theoretical section on the main driving techniques and regulatory updates as well as a practical section performed on the road in urban areas for the feasibility study of the acquired techniques.The 2nd level course (divided into 3 days) provides for:- a theoretical section with in-depth information on legislative innovations and, in particular, on steering techniques, work-related stress trajectories and pathologies.- a practical section carried out on a go-kart track (for the specific study of the trajectories) and on the road both in urban and extra-urban areas with cars and ambulances.Training Course ProgrammeEmergency Safe Driving Course 1° level1° day : 1° module (1 hour) 09,00 – 10,00 : self evaluation with simulation: 40 quiz 2° module ( 1 hour) 10,00 – 11,00 : scope, responsibilities, law N. 81/2008 3° module (1 hour) 11,00 – 12,00: driver psychology, patient pathologist , contents on the effects of alcohol, drugs and diseases 4° module ( 1 hour) 12,00 – 13,00 : legislative framework 13,00 – 14,00 : lunch break 5° module (3 hours) 14,00 – 17,00 : mechanical and vehicle service 6° module ( 1 hour) 17,00 – 18,00: psycho-aptitude test2° day: 7° module (4 hours) 09,00 – 13,00 : driving techniques (posture, steering techniques, visual techniques, friction, dynamics) ore 13,00 – 14,00 : lunch break 8° module ( 1 hour) 14,00 – 15,00 : alarm tool 9° module ( 2 hours) 15,00 – 17,00 : emergency driving techniques (operative stop, driving on single or double roads, crossing streets, driving column) 10° module ( 1 hour) 17,00 – 18,00 : skills evaluation3° day : practical training on the road with car and ambulance with tutor on board 11° module (1 hour) 08,30 – 09,30 : ergonomical posture/ 8 Technic (car/ambulance) 12° module (2 hours) 09,30 – 11,30 : fast slalom among pins /escape training (car/ambulance) 13° module ( 1 hour) 11,30 – 12,30: curve training/trolley testOre 12,30 – 13,30 : pausa pranzo 14° module (1 hour) 13,30 – 14,30 : elk test (car/ambulance) 15° module (1 hour) 14,30 – 15,30 : reverse slalom (ambulance) 16° module (1 hour) 15,30 – 16,30 : load test (ambulance) 17° module (1 hour) 16,30 – 17,30: final testing (car/ambulance)

Project activities

List the actions you carried/are carrying out 
Tuesday, 21 May, 2019 to Thursday, 23 May, 2019
Name of action 

Training Course on Safe Emergency Driving for Rescue Vehicle Driver


What has been the effect of the activities? 
Satisfaction questionnaires are used to evaluate the quality of the training, of the training equipment's, how can the training be improved and what competences they have increased and achieved useful for the working activities.
How have you shared information about your project and its results? 
Through social media and local newspapers.
How many people did you reach/have you reached? 
Who carried/carries out the evaluation activities? 
Internal evaluation
When did/will you carry out the evaluation? 
Before, after and continuous monitoring
How many groups did you evaluate/have you evaluated? 
Number of interventions groups 
Number of control groups 
Please list the indicators you use to measure success 
Number of participants
Level of participation (hours of attendance)
Number of graduates
Please describe the evaluation tools you use (i.e. surveys, interviews, focus groups, etc.)