In order to execute the research, KNMV has developed an advanced rider training and measured the effects of this training, as will be described with all activities involved in the inititative:
Advanced rider training
The aim of an advanced rider training course is that it contributes to road safety. Advanced rider training is perceived as a way to speed up learning through experience. Although intuitively sound, this effect has not been demonstrated yet. Few motorcyclist courses have been evaluated thoroughly. Moreover, there are questions regarding the content of the training.
Few good and recent studies
A recent review compared 23 studies into the effects of motorcycle training. More than half of these studies were completed over twenty years ago; only three studies were carried out after the year 2000. The researchers concluded that most studies suffered from methodological weaknesses and therefore were unable to quantify the effectiveness of training on, for example, crashes.
Content of the training
The content of training also seems to explain the fact that many advanced rider courses for motorcyclists have little or no effect. Studies on advanced training for (young) drivers show that such courses do not always have a positive effect – and sometimes even have a negative effect – on road safety. For example, training aimed at acquiring complex (lower order) skills like how to recover
from a skid, seem to be counterproductive. A reason may be that drivers overestimate their skills after training and as a result take more risks in traffic. It is possible that motorcycle training unintentionally encourages dangerous riding, due to overconfidence without actually improving riding skills.
The programme of the evaluated ‘Risk’ training course:
The ‘Risk’ training of KNMV is both a theoretical and practical training. It aims at timely perception and recognition of traffic hazards and adaptation of riding behaviour to deal with these risks. In the training the – coherent – factors conspicuity, speed,
glance behaviour, risk perception and risk acceptance all play a role.
An important aim of the training is to prevent participants to feel safer riders after training, but to be aware of the (overt and covert) risks in traffic.
The training takes one day and has a maximum number of nine participants who are guided by three KNMV-certified ’advanced training’-instructors. The morning section is dedicated to risk
awareness followed by a motorcycle ride in traffic. After the theoretical part in the afternoon the motorcycle ride in traffic focuses on the choices and execution of riding behaviour.